Jennifer Bogner, PhD, ABPP is the Vice-Chair of Research and Academic Affairs for the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, The Ohio State University. She is a board certified rehabilitation psychologist (ABPP) and Associate Professor in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Ohio State University. She has presented nationally on topics related to brain injury and serves as the Associate Editor of the Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. She is a Member-At-Large on the Board of Governors of the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine.
One of Dr. Bogner’s areas of research is the study of factors that are associated with long-term outcomes following traumatic brain injury. She is the Co-Principal Investigator of the Ohio Regional TBI Model System, which is a longitudinal study that follows individuals for many years after their injury to find out what factors determine the best outcomes, be it returning to work, living independently, being involved in one’s community, or being generally satisfied with one’s life. She is particularly interested in evaluating ideal community participation—how does involvement in one’s community relate to an individual’s happiness and health?
Dr. Bogner is also interested in the study of self-regulation deficits, particularly as they relate to substance use disorders after brain injury. Self-regulation is the ability to make choices and execute behaviors that are consistent with the individual's goals, self-interest, and worldview. Deficits in self-regulation and other executive functions are primary hallmarks of TBI. Substance use disorders are also thought to be due to problems with self-regulation, in that individuals continue to use alcohol and other drugs even when they cause health and social problems. Dr. Bogner has been working on ways to measure self-regulation and to prevent or treat substance use disorders following traumatic brain injury.
Screening for traumatic brain injury among populations at risk is a critical first step toward improving treatment and services. Research on various disorders that require TBI history to be identified as a covariate or exclusion criterion also depends upon the use of a validated method for obtaining lifetime history. Drs. Corrigan and Bogner developed the Ohio State University Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Identification Method (OSU TBI-ID), which is a standardized interview for eliciting lifetime history of TBI. The instrument is based on Center for Disease Control and Prevention case definitions and recommendations for TBI surveillance. The OSU TBI-ID is being used in several federally-funded research studies, and has been adopted for clinical use in many settings, including those treating persons with substance use disorders, high-risk adolescents, victims of domestic violence and older adults. Dr. Bogner has provided training on the administration of the OSU TBI-ID to multiple clinicians and service providers throughout the US. She also provides instruction on what to do when a history of TBI is found: using accommodations to increase the effectiveness of treatment with persons with traumatic brain injury.
Another area of Dr. Bogner’s research is agitation occurring during the early phases of recovery from traumatic brain injury. Agitation can interfere with progress in therapy and put the patient at risk for additional injury. She has been involved in the validation of the Agitated Behavior Scale (Corrigan, 1989), which is used in many rehabilitation centers distributed throughout the US. The Agitated Behavior Scale allows the rehabilitation team to monitor agitation serially and to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to reduce agitation. Dr. Bogner is available to provide training to rehabilitation teams on the administration and use of the Agitated Behavior Scale.